COORDINATION TEAM: Jaime
Fontana, Jose Molina, Margarita Ostornol, Ricardo Castillo, Yves Besancon,
UNIACC, Chile Adrian
Barcesat, Arturo Montagu, Jorge Cortiñas, Jorge Lestard, Ricardo
Blinder, Bernardo Zabala, UBA, Argentina Ivan
Burgos, Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela Alfredo
Andia, Florida International University, Miami, USA Roberto
Barria, Paul Taylor, Marcelo Bernal, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa
Maria, Chile Sonia
Carmena, Universidad de Rosario, Argentina Luis
Enrique Fornez, Ana María Flores, Atlio Villegas, Jose Rosas Vera,
Universidad Central de Venezuela Jorge
Cabello Farah, Carlos Filian, Napoleón Velástegui, Patricio
Braganza, Universidad de Guayaquil, Ecuador
Addison, Center for Design Visualization, U.C. Berkeley, USA
by U. UNIACC, Chile / F.I.U., Miami, JUNIO 2, 2001 Internet
Studio 2001 :: "Connectad Centers of the las Americas" for Culture and
2. THE HIGH-BANDWIDTH
INVASION Latin America
is at the border of an invasion of high bandwidth Internet. Half
a dozen companies are finishing their interoceanic fiber optic networks
and are emerging on places such as Fortaleza, Rió de Janeiro, Las
Toninas, Valparaíso, Lurin, Buenaventura, Punta Gorda, and Puerto
Viejo and from there they are connecting the Latin American capitals to
world wide high-bandwidth networks.
By 2002 it
is hoped that the capacity of transmission between the United States and
Latin America reach above the 4100 gigabits per second (gbps). This
is an explosive growth if we consider that in 1999 the data transmission
between the two regions only reached 15.2 gbps.
the inter-oceanic network gets connected to the local digital network in
each country it will be common that businesses and institutions can obtain
a Tier 1 (T1 = 1.5 mgps) connection that is common today in the work and
education centers in the US.
Access Point of Las Americas is been constructed in Miami.
3. THE LAST
MILE However, before
this major investment can be felt for the common citizen the Latin American
countries and institutions must upgrade in most cases their local networks,
equipments. What is called the “last mile” problem is one that Latin
American institutions will have to confront in the next five years before
they can enjoy the benefits of high-bandwidth technology.
CONNECTED CENTERS OF THE AMERICAS" FOR CULTURE AND COMMERCE (CCA). The purpose
of the Connected Centers of the Americas is the creation of a place in
each major Latin American city in which the common citizen, businesses,
and cultural institutions can have access to the high bandwidth in the
next five years. In its program the CCA has an area of cultural/commercial
exhibition, popular interaction, rooms for videoconferences, and administrative
area, an auditorium for 200 people. The objective is to support cultural
and commercial institutions in their efforts of regional integration allowing
them a space in which they can access this high-bandwidth technology while
the problem of the “last mile” is resolved. The infrastructure of
the project is of temporary character and it is expected to have a use
of 3 to 5 years initially above public open space in each one of the cities
in which these centers are created. Each studio will choose an open
space in their own city.
5. MATERIALIDAD 5. MATERIALITY
about the temporary or permanent character of the infrastructure can provide
an important architectonic debate about the process of fabrication, materiality
and construction of the project (see references
in web site for digital-real processes).
6. THE STUDIO The idea is
that each student in his or her studio constructs a Connected Center of
the Americas in each city. Each infrastructure emerges simultaneously
in each une of the participating cities in which the Internet Studio 2001
takes place. The simultaneous act of constructing these centers has
the intention not only of playing with the perceptive memory in the cities
but also pretends to take advantage of the technologies of telecommunication
to enter into the arena of integrating the digital and real among the cities
In the fist
half of the semester students will develop their own projects in their
own cities. However as they develop their projects they will be required
to look at the work of other students of other participating schools of
architecture. In the second half of the semester students will be
ask to participate in groups between 3 and 5. Each member will be
from a different studio. Students will present their work in group,
still they will be responsible of their own projects in their own cities.
However, presentations and online reviews will be conducted in groups.
be asked in the first half of the semester to post their work regularly
and to negotiate with other students the conformation of those inter-school
& SOFTWARE In a way the
studio will play with the design in 2 types of design-forms which emerge
with force in contemporary architecture today: architectural hardware and
software. An architecture that has two components”: cyber and real.
For example the foundation Salomon Guggenheim in New York, Bilbao and Venice
(the “hardware” of the foundation http://www.guggenheim.org)
has began to develop an infrastructure on the Internet via de Guggenheim
Virtual Museum (a “software version” of the museum program http://www.guggenheim.org/virtual)
where all the activities and collections of the 3 museums can meet.
We would like to explore how this new Cyber-Real
dimension of architecture can affect the functioning of connected infrastructures
and the imaginary of the constructible.